Nature and Culture are the words that best capture the essence of Romania, a dynamic country rich in history, art and scenic beauty. Romania offers the traveler countless unique travel experiences waiting to be discovered.
Art and Culture
Most people think of Dracula and Transylvania when they hear about Romania, but the country is so much more.
For example, did you know that Romania’s beautiful Pele? Castle, located in Sinaia mountain resort, was the first completely electrified castle in Europe? The electricity was produced by the castle’s own plant. The castle was built between 1873 and 1914. Its inauguration was held in 1883. It was constructed for King Carol I.
The Voronet Monastery, located in northeastern Romania, is also known as the “Sistine Chapel of the East”. Its frescoes feature an intense shade of blue also known as the “Voronet blue”.
Romania also has one of the happiest and unusual cemeteries in the world. The Merry Cemetery, located in the village of Sapanta, in Maramures County, became famous due to its colorful crosses and the satirical poetry written on them.
The Astra Museum of Traditional Folk Civilization, in Sibiu is the largest open-air museum in Romania, and the second-largest museum of this kind in Europe.
Bucharest’s Palace of Parliament, also known as the People’s Palace, is the world’s l argest civilian building with an administrative function and the second-largest building in the world after the Pentagon in the US. It covers some 330,000 sqm.
Romania was gifted with a marvelous nature. The Carpathian Mountains are home to one of the largest virgin forests in Europe and also host the well known Transfagarasan road.
The Danube Delta is the second-largest river delta in Europe and the best preserved on the continent. The Danube Delta Biosphere Reserve (UNESCO World Heritage Site) hosts over 300 species of birds as well as 45 freshwater fish species in its numerous lakes and marshes.
Food and Wine
Looking at the Romanian history, this land was always at the confluence of roads between east and west, and always in the way of various conquerors.
As this little country was fighting for independence, it was occupied throughout history, first by Romans, giving birth to a Latin nation, and then subsequently by Turks, and by the Austrian-Hungarian Empire. Romanians also had pronounced cultural influences from other European countries such as France, Poland and Russia. The result of these mixed cultural influences has also strongly reflected on the Romanian traditional food .
Visiting Romania you can taste a large variety of traditional dishes as: Zacusca – Vegetable Paste, Mici – Grilled Minced Meat Rolls, Ciorba de Burta – Beef Tripe Soup, Ciorba Radauteana – Soup from Radauti, Mamaliga cu branza si smantana – Polenta with Cheese and Sour Cream, Sarmale – Cabbage Rolls, Pomana porcului – (Pork Fest), Carnati de Plescoi – Plescoi sausages, Iahnie cu ciolan – Beans with Smoked Pork, Papanasi – sweetcheese donnuts with sour cream and wildberries jam, Cozonac – homemade sweetbread, Mucenici – Sweet Dough Rolls.
To accompany such a variety of foods a all you need is a good wine
Romania is the twelfth largest wine producer in the world and the sixth largest in Europe.
Long before the Roman conquest, Dacia was already a vineyard land. Romania can look back on a long history of winemaking. Already Homer and Herodotus wrote of Thracian wines. The ancestors of the Romanian people, named Daci, were great agriculturists who cultivated the grape vine and also made wine, a fact mentioned by ancient Greek and even Roman historians.
You can have a wine tasting and lunch at one of Romania’s famous cellars as: Casa Panciu , Halewood, Ceptura, Tohani, Murfatlar, Beciul Domnesc, Cotnari, Jidvei, Recas and many others.
Romania not only has rich gold resources but also hosts Europe’s only museum dedicated to gold .
Aurel Vlaicu was a Romanian engineer, inventor and airplane constructor. He constructed and patented the plane in 1910 and called it Vlaicu I. The plane can fly without any modification.
Anastase Dragomir invented and patented the ejection seat in 1928 and the ejection cabin in 1930. The invention was patented in France and was called “Nouveau Systeme des parachutes of montage of dance les appareils aerienne Locomotion”.
Henri Marie Coandă was a Romanian inventor, aerodynamics pioneer, and builder of an experimental aircraft, the Coandă-1910 described by Coandă in the mid-1950s as the world’s first jet, a controversial claim disputed by some and supported by others. He invented a great number of devices, designed a „flying saucer” and discovered the Coandă effect of fluid dynamics.
Theodor Ionescu was a Romanian physicist who also made discoveries in plasma physics and ionosphere physics. He patented the 3D cinema in 1936.
Petrache Poenaru was the Romanian who invented the world’s first fountain pen.
George Enescu , one of Romania’s greatest musicians, was one of the greatest composers of the 20th century. A very popular festival in Romania was named after him – t he George Enescu festival.
Nicolae Paulescu was a Romanian physiologist, professor of medicine, and politician, most famous for discovering insulin, who worked on pancreine.
Ana Aslan was a Romanian biologist and physician who discovered the anti-aging effects of procaine, based on the drugs Gerovital H3 and Aslavital, which she developed. She is considered to be a pioneer of gerontology and geriatrics in Romania.
Romania inspired Bram Stoker’s novel Dracula and Jules Verne’s The Castle in the Carpathians.
Several foreign films were shot in Romania, including Ghost Rider 2, Transporter 3, Cold Mountain, Modigliani and TV mini-series Hatfield & McCoys. You can find a list of 20 films shot in Romania .
Besides having such a culture rich country, Romanians enjoy some of the fastest internet speeds in the world. According to the Ookla Net Index, nine cities in Romania are among the top 15 cities in the world with the highest download speed of fixed broadband internet connections.